Acıbadem Ankara Hospital Spine and Spinal Cord Center
SPINAL DISORDERS SPINAL DISC HERNIATION SURGERY

Spinal Disc Herniation Surgery

When is the surgery administered?

How is it carried out?

Microdiscectomy: The golden, generally established standard in spinal disc herniation is microdiscectomy. Discectomy under microscope can be carried out openly by a small cut or by opening through tubes. There are two main benefits of carrying out the surgery under microscope magnification. The first is that it is reliable, because this methods minimizes the risk to damage other tissues.  The second one is that the patient recovers much more quickly since the size of the scar and  the opening is very small.

Non-microscopic surgery: Non-microscopic surgery is only practiced when microscopic surgery is not an option. However, the risk of tissue damage and additional injury is increased.

Endoscopic discectomy: The complete opposite of non-microscopic surgery, the endoscopic (closed) discectomy is, although being practiced today, still in its infancy.  However its efficiency (does it work for all patients?) and its safety (is the risk for injury or complications adequately low?) is still being tested. It is known that this method minimizes tissue damage, but increases the risk of reherniation slightly.

The laser practice which is commonly asked about is actually not a method on its own, it only means that the excisions during surgical intervention will be made by lasers, instead of sharp hand devices. However it is known that it has no definite advantages or disadvantages.

Healing process

The healing process following spinal disc herniation surgery is:

 

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