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Introduction

Radiation Oncology Departments of Acıbadem Healthcare Group are units which examine effects of radiation on cancer and behaviors of tumors using ionizing radiation and conduct investigations in this field.

There are two practice areas in Radiation Oncology Departments of Acıbadem Healthcare Group; radiotherapy and radiosurgery.

Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy is defined as treatment of cancerous tissue and some benign tumors using radiation. Therefore, it is colloquially called “radiation therapy” or “X-ray therapy”.

Beams are used to prevent growth of cancerous cells or to kill them at the target of treatment. Radiotherapy is a commonly used treatment modality of cancer. In fact, radiotherapy may be required at least once in 60-80 percent of cancer patients, after diagnosis is made.

How is the treatment technique selected?

There are many factors that influence selection of the treatment method. Most important ones are patient’s age, overall health status, type of cancer, extent of metastasis and location. Treatment-related decisions are made with multidisciplinary approach, a process that requires examination of the patient by many specialists from multiple relevant medical departments.

A unique diagnostic and therapeutic plan is made and employed for each patient. Even if patients have same type of cancer, treatment should be planned according to patient-specific conditions.

Who is included in the therapy team?

Radiation Oncologist: A physician who decides how much radiotherapy will be applied to which part of body. This physician is responsible for following up the patient throughout the therapy, modifying the treatment depending on alterations in tumor and evaluating and managing side effects.

Radiation Physicist: These individuals are responsible for planning therapy and coordinating quality, safety and technical service as well as maintenance of devices. S/he works in collaboration with radiation oncologist in therapy planning and application.

Radiotherapy Technicians: These are the individuals who are trained to use radiotherapy devices. They do not stay with the patient in the same room during therapy; however, they are continuously in communication with the patient through a monitor found in the control room. They are responsible for positioning the patient correctly, operating the device and acquiring images for real time controls during therapy.

Oncology Nurse: s/he is member of team who stays most close to the patient, along with radiation oncologist, in treatment and follow-up of the patient. They act like a bridge between the physician and the patient to manage issues such as side effects and “Do’s and Don’ts”.

Secretariat: They are responsible for guiding the patient correctly, arranging appointments, creating and saving medical files, informing the patient about treatment expenses and performing procedures required by health insurance coverage of the patient.

What is Effect of Radiotherapy

Beams used in radiotherapy influence the DNA inside nucleus of tumor cells. These cells lose their ability to divide and grow when the DNA in nucleus is sufficiently damaged.

Since the destructed cells in cancerous tissue cannot reproduce, growth of cancer is ceased and size of tumor is reduced. High-dose radiation in a radiotherapy session either destroys the cells or hinders division. As tumor cells divide faster than most of the healthy cells, radiotherapy destroys these cells at higher rates. Although radiotherapy affects healthy cells in a certain extent, they can survive using special repair mechanisms which are not present in tumor cells.

Radiosurgery

Fundamental purpose of radiosurgery - an application field of radiation oncology - is creating changes in the diseased tissue by directing and focusing multiple low-energy beams towards the diseased area, resulting in delivery of high energy to the target zone. This way, it is ensured that cancer cells are reduced or destroyed in response to intensive beams delivered to the diseased area while nearby healthy tissues are protected against hazardous effects of radiation.

Radiosurgery Applications

STEREOTACTIC RADIOSURGERY (SRS)

SRS implies treating a target using certain coordinates; high-dose radiation destroys tumor completely in a single session, after coordinates are determined on three dimensional images. IGRT is critically important regarding actual destruction of the target in this procedure.

STEREOTACTIC RADIOTHERAPY (SRT)

SRT implies a treatment characterized by SRS given in more than one session, usually in 3 to 5 sessions.

Medical devices such as MR-LINAC, Gamma Knife, TrueBeam, Tomotherapy, CyberKnife and Intra-operative Radiotherapy are used in Acıbadem Radiation Oncology Departments.

Published by Acıbadem Web and Medical Broadcast Board Update Date: Tuesday, February 4, 2020 Publish Date: Monday, January 27, 2020

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Medical Technologies

All medical technologies specialized in Radiation Oncology :

INFORMATION FORM WITH REGARD TO OBTAINING AND PROCESSING OF PERSONAL DATA

Acıbadem Sağlık Hizmetleri ve Ticaret A.Ş. (“Acıbadem”) and Acıbadem’s controlling shareholders, parent companies and affiliates (hereinafter to be collectively referred to as “Acıbadem Group”) may, acting as “Data Supervisor” under the Law on Protection of Personal Data no. 6698 (the “Law”) and other pertinent laws and regulations, process your personal data within the following frame and in strict compliance with the Basic Healthcare Services Law no. 3359, the Governmental Decree-Law on Organization and Duties of the Ministry of Health and its Affiliated Companies no. 663, the Private Hospitals Regulation, and other regulations of the Ministry of Health, and other applicable laws and provisions.

1. Obtaining and Processing of Personal Data, and Purposes of Processing:

Your personal data is collected and obtained verbally, in writing, or in visual or electronic media, through call center, internet site, verbally, in writing or similar other channels for conduct of such services as protection of public health, preventive medicine, medical diagnosis, treatment and maintenance services offered by Acıbadem Group, or for planning and management of healthcare services and financing, and in accordance with the fields of business of Acıbadem Group Companies. Your general personal data and special personal data, especially your healthcare data, may be processed by the Group to a limited extent for all and any purposes, including, but not limited to, the following purposes:

All kinds of your personal data obtained by Acıbadem Group (including, but not limited to, your special personal data) may be processed for the following purposes:

Your personal data obtained and processed pursuant to the applicable laws and regulations may be transferred to physical archives and/or information systems of Acıbadem or Acıbadem Group and may be kept and stored both in digital and in physical platforms.

2. Transfer of Personal Data

Your personal data may be shared by Acıbadem and Acıbadem Group with companies included in Acıbadem Group or with private insurance companies, Ministry of Health and its sub-units, Social Security Agency, Security General Directorate and other security forces, General Directorate of Population and Census, Turkish Pharmacists’ Association, courts and all kinds of other juridical authorities, central etc. third parties, your authorized representatives and agents, and third parties offering consulting and advice services to us, including, but not limited to, lawyers, tax and financial consultants and auditors, and our business partners and other third parties acting in cooperation with us for further development or performance of healthcare services for the purposes cited above, also including regulatory and supervisory bodies and authorities, and official authorities, for the purposes of processing listed above, in accordance with the Law and other applicable laws and regulations.

3. Methods and Legal Causes of Obtaining of Personal Data

Your personal data are collected and processed in all kinds of verbal, written, visual or electronic media, for the purposes listed hereinabove, and for performance of all kinds of works included in the fields of business of Acıbadem within the legal framework, and accordingly, for full and proper performance of all kinds of contractual and legal duties and obligations of Acıbadem. Legal causes of collection and acquisition of your personal data are the pertinent provisions of:

Furthermore, as stipulated in 3rd paragraph of article 6 of the Law, personal data relating to health may also be processed by persons under secrecy obligations or by authorized official entities and organizations, without being liable to receive prior explicit consent of the relevant purpose, only for protection of public health, preventive medicine, medical diagnosis, treatment and maintenance services, and for planning and management of healthcare services and financing.

4. Your Rights Regarding Protection of Personal Data

Pursuant to the Law and other relevant applicable laws and regulations, you are entitled:

If at any time you use any one or more of your aforesaid rights, the relevant information will be transmitted to you clearly and in an understandable manner, in writing or in electronic media, by using the communication data and information provided by you.

5. Data Security

Acıbadem protects your personal data in full and strict compliance with all technical and administrative security controls required to be taken in accordance with information security standards and procedures. Said security actions and measures are taken and provided at a level appropriate for the probable risks by also taking into consideration the technological possibilities.

6. Complaints and Communications

Your personal data are protected within the frame of the available technical and administrative possibilities, and the required security actions and measures are taken and provided at a level appropriate for the probable risks by also taking into consideration the technological possibilities.

By filling in the “Application Form Pursuant to the Law on Protection of Personal Data” given at the , “https://www.acibadem.com.tr/acibademonline/hastaverilerinkorunmasi.html” web address, you may transmit and submit your legal requests:

You are hereby kindly requested to transmit your legal requests under the Law by filling in the “Application Form Pursuant to the Law on Protection of Personal Data” given at the https://www.acibadem.com.tr/acibademonline/hastaverilerinkorunmasi.html web address and sending it to us by the communication means set forth in the form.

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