Radiation Oncology Departments of Acıbadem Healthcare Group are units which examine effects of radiation on cancer and behaviors of tumors using ionizing radiation and conduct investigations in this field.
There are two practice areas in Radiation Oncology Departments of Acıbadem Healthcare Group; radiotherapy and radiosurgery.
Radiotherapy is defined as treatment of cancerous tissue and some benign tumors using radiation. Therefore, it is colloquially called “radiation therapy” or “X-ray therapy”.
Beams are used to prevent growth of cancerous cells or to kill them at the target of treatment. Radiotherapy is a commonly used treatment modality of cancer. In fact, radiotherapy may be required at least once in 60-80 percent of cancer patients, after diagnosis is made.
How is the treatment technique selected?
There are many factors that influence selection of the treatment method. Most important ones are patient’s age, overall health status, type of cancer, extent of metastasis and location. Treatment-related decisions are made with multidisciplinary approach, a process that requires examination of the patient by many specialists from multiple relevant medical departments.
A unique diagnostic and therapeutic plan is made and employed for each patient. Even if patients have same type of cancer, treatment should be planned according to patient-specific conditions.
Who is included in the therapy team?
Radiation Oncologist: A physician who decides how much radiotherapy will be applied to which part of body. This physician is responsible for following up the patient throughout the therapy, modifying the treatment depending on alterations in tumor and evaluating and managing side effects.
Radiation Physicist: These individuals are responsible for planning therapy and coordinating quality, safety and technical service as well as maintenance of devices. S/he works in collaboration with radiation oncologist in therapy planning and application.
Radiotherapy Technicians: These are the individuals who are trained to use radiotherapy devices. They do not stay with the patient in the same room during therapy; however, they are continuously in communication with the patient through a monitor found in the control room. They are responsible for positioning the patient correctly, operating the device and acquiring images for real time controls during therapy.
Oncology Nurse: s/he is member of team who stays most close to the patient, along with radiation oncologist, in treatment and follow-up of the patient. They act like a bridge between the physician and the patient to manage issues such as side effects and “Do’s and Don’ts”.
Secretariat: They are responsible for guiding the patient correctly, arranging appointments, creating and saving medical files, informing the patient about treatment expenses and performing procedures required by health insurance coverage of the patient.
What is Effect of Radiotherapy
Beams used in radiotherapy influence the DNA inside nucleus of tumor cells. These cells lose their ability to divide and grow when the DNA in nucleus is sufficiently damaged.
Since the destructed cells in cancerous tissue cannot reproduce, growth of cancer is ceased and size of tumor is reduced. High-dose radiation in a radiotherapy session either destroys the cells or hinders division. As tumor cells divide faster than most of the healthy cells, radiotherapy destroys these cells at higher rates. Although radiotherapy affects healthy cells in a certain extent, they can survive using special repair mechanisms which are not present in tumor cells.
Fundamental purpose of radiosurgery - an application field of radiation oncology - is creating changes in the diseased tissue by directing and focusing multiple low-energy beams towards the diseased area, resulting in delivery of high energy to the target zone. This way, it is ensured that cancer cells are reduced or destroyed in response to intensive beams delivered to the diseased area while nearby healthy tissues are protected against hazardous effects of radiation.
Radiosurgery ApplicationsSTEREOTACTIC RADIOSURGERY (SRS)
SRS implies treating a target using certain coordinates; high-dose radiation destroys tumor completely in a single session, after coordinates are determined on three dimensional images. IGRT is critically important regarding actual destruction of the target in this procedure.STEREOTACTIC RADIOTHERAPY (SRT)
SRT implies a treatment characterized by SRS given in more than one session, usually in 3 to 5 sessions.
Medical devices such as MR-LINAC, Gamma Knife, TrueBeam, Tomotherapy, CyberKnife and Intra-operative Radiotherapy are used in Acıbadem Radiation Oncology Departments.
İzmir Kent Hospital
- Prof. BANU ATALAR, M.D.
- Prof. BÜNYAMİN KAPLAN, M.D.
- Prof. ENİS ÖZYAR, M.D.
- Prof. FULYA AĞAOĞLU, M.D.
- Prof. H. ARMAĞAN ARICAN, M.D.
- Prof. IŞIK ASLAY, M.D.
- Prof. LÜTFİ ÖZKAN, M.D.
- Prof. MEHMET UFUK ABACIOĞLU, M.D.
- Prof. MELTEM SERİN, M.D.
- Prof. MERİÇ ŞENGÖZ, M.D.
- Prof. NURAN BEŞE, M.D.
- Assoc. Prof. EVRİM KADRİYE TEZCANLI, M.D.
- Assoc. Prof. GAMZE UĞURLUER SÜMER, M.D.
- Assoc. Prof. SERAP YÜCEL, M.D.
- Assist. Prof. ZEYNEP GÜRAL, M.D.
- ALPTEKİN ARİFOĞLU, M.D.
- ASLI SARAN İKİZLER, M.D.
- BURCU DURMAK İŞMAN, M.D.
- ELİF ÖZTÜRK, M.D.
- EMRE TAHBERER, M.D.
- FUZULİ TUĞRUL, M.D.
- KADİR UÇAR, M.D.
- LEYLA ŞEN, M.D.
- NİYAZİ VOLKAN DEMİRCAN, M.D.
- OSMAN BURAK CAN, M.D.
- SEDA ERDOĞDU, M.D.
- SEDENAY OSKEROĞLU KAPLAN, M.D.
- TEUTA ZOTO MUSTAFAYEV, M.D.